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ALKXANDKR  VON   HUMBOLDT.                    3
tho »2iul of Jrmo, 17(57, when tho father was still
ehatuborlam to tho pramoHs Elizabeth of Prussia; the
youngor sou, ^FrcxUWic Henry Alexander, the sxihject
of mtr memoir., fimt saw tho light of the world two
yearn lator, in Berlin,, on the 14th September, 1769.
Tim <;u,Klvle of Togel tnade tho first impressions of
homo on the two boys; for hore they spent the greater
part of thoir youth together. To this castle is
attaohc'Hl a mysterkmB legend, which Goethe alluded
to in u IfivuHt/' to nhow his din'like for the enlightener
NicolaL Tho present Tegel is not the old one, but
rather a now creation of its' possessor, William,, brother
of Alexander, wjbo commenced and ended Ms life
here; and who built a house here,, which, to preserve
ono old turret, rises in turrets from the foxir corners;
and which, as it was onoo his tuscultim, is now his
grave. The old eastlo in which tho two boys passed
their youth waK grcvy and auticjtiatcd. The contempo-
rary of Htimboldt, a PruHsian c6nm\iKwionersl,of woods
and forowfcB, natncui von Bvirgwdorf, whoso official resi-
(It^iicio it wan, 'had beautiliod it by the laying out of
:uurKrtrics and plantations, which were xmiversally ad-
mired at tho time, and the new owner had taken
poKHOBRion of the castle and outworks during this time,
, T«igtvl m Hoparatod from Berlin by a dark pine grove,
and IB Hituatod in a beautiful neighbourhood north-
ooHfc <>i* an ami of tho Havel, called the Tegel lake.
On tho southern «horo are Btscm. projecting the town and
fortroBB of Bpuulaxij and tho declivities which bound
tho north-woHtom shore of the lake are richly covered
with trotfH and vordtiro, "while proinonades and gardens
afford tho moat varied atxd cHarmixig views.
This castle had always been, while the old major
lived in It, known for its extended hospitality; artd
tho ripening boys not alone saw their fatherenjoy^the
"honours of princely visits, but many an. officer, states-
man, or scholar, was hospitably invited and received.
Tims, in May, 1*778, Goethe, -who had accompanied
duke to Berlin to a gra^d review, also visited.
ha walked one morning from Berlia
B 2